Equipment needed for third world touring

Don't use front panniers:

These significantly reduce handling of the bicycle when riding on dirt (unless it's hardpacked). Even when minimizing the weight in the front (by placing clothing), the panniers greatly increase the inertia [mass times distance to the steering axis] of the wheel, fork, and pannier assembly. This effect becomes even more pronounced on sandy roads, where fast feedback is required. Your arms moving the handlebar provide corrective feedback to keep the front wheel from going unstable (turned 90 degrees or oscillating wildly). With panniers on, you simply cannot move the handlebar as fast as without panniers because of the increased inertia. In engineering terminology, this lowers the frequency response of the feedback, and the system goes unstable (when the front wheel turns all the way and you're forced to stop). A friend touring in Canada states most dirt roads in Canada are hardpacked, and front panniers do even out the weight, a possible advantage. However, for the roads that are not hardpacked or paved, he ties his front panniers onto the rear rack.